Yochai Benkler: The Wealth of Networks (Betreuer: n.n.)
Learner who are interested on the network society in the Age of Information
Michel Foucault Reading Group (Betreuer: n.n.)
Read Michael Foucault Reading Group
Learner who are interested in the writings of Michel Foucault
|Gibt es eine transnationale Bürgergesellschaft, Leggewie - Internationale Politik und Gesellschaft, 2001|
|The Transnational Social Question Social Rights and Citizenship in a Global ContextT Faist - International Sociology, 2009||In the 19th century the "social question" was the central subject of extremely volatile political
conflicts between the ruling classes and the working-class movements in Europe, North America and Australia. Are we now on the verge of a new social conflict, this time on a transnational scale? It is the aim of this paper to identify new analytical strands with respect to the transnational social question. The following four questions will thereby be examined: Firstly, what concepts are meaningful for an analysis of the transnational social question and related social rights? This will include a discussion of normative political and socio-theoretical approaches such as notions of national citizenship as opposed to world citizenship, as well as positive theory – in this case systemic differentiation theory and neo-institutionalist world society theory. Secondly, how advanced or fragmentary are social rights and citizenship in the different partial worlds? This question requires the examination of empirical evidence from a sub-global level. Thirdly, how are transnational social rights regulated? How are they governed? What problems arise in regard to their effectiveness? Here, multiple agencies and institutions on different levels of political systems have to be taken into account. The fourth and final section discusses the discursive integration of transnational social rights into the development and global social policy paradigms, and draws up a research agenda.
|Transborder Citizenship: an Outcome of Legal Pluralism within Transnational Social Fields by Schiller, Nina Glick, Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology|
|George E.Marcus Ethnography in/of the world system: the emergence of multi-sited ethnography||This review surveys an emergent methodological trend in anthropological research that
concerns the adaptation of long-standing modes of ethnographic practices to more complex objects of study.
|Raul Hinojosa Ojeda - Transnational Migration, Remittances and Development in North America: Globalization Lessons from the OaxaCalifornia Transnational Village/Community Modeling Project||While much attention has recently been given to the developmental impacts of
Globalization, defined primarily as the liberalized flows of trade and investment, this report argues that the process of migration, remittances and the formation of transnational communities, along with associated policy responses, can have a much greater impact, both positive and negative, on the prospects for sustainable development and equity in both rich and developing countries. The principal findings of this report are that transnational policy coordination in the North American context, specifically focused on improved remittance intermediation for investment in both migrant sending and receiving areas, can have potentially dramatic effects on improving the living conditions of transnational migrant families, as well as the sustainable and equitable development of communities in both the U.S. and Latin America. Using transnational SAMs and CGE models1 of Mexican Oaxacan villages and U.S. California immigrant communities built with household surveys from migrant sending and receiving households, we report that improved transnational financial intermediation and investment of remittance funds can increase the income multiplier effect in migrant sending villages on the order of five to ten times. The report also indicates that failure to transnationally reform the current pattern of undocumented migration and cash-based remittance flows, on the other hand, will likely deepen the current cycle of US demand for low-wage migration and increased US income inequality, as well as extroverted dependence, low productivity and higher labor outflows in migrant sending regions of Mexico.
|Migration for Development: A bottom-up approach.||
The handbook has been designed as a “toolbox” for practitioners and policymakers alike. Each chapter illustrates alternative or complementary options that actors can choose from when setting up their own migration and development projects.
You will see that the handbook is organised in three main sections, each responding to a key question:
- Who? PART I: After reviewing the links that exist between migration and development, in Chapter 1 the handbook discusses the importance of adopting a bottom-up approach in this field and explores the reasons underlying such an approach.
- What? PART II: Chapters 2-5 makes sense of the diversity of activities that small-scale actors can undertake when implementing migration and development projects.
- How? PART III: Chapters 6-8 are dedicated to exploring the ways in which small-scale actors collaborate between each other and with other actors in the implementation of their projects.
|Transnational migration:taking stock and future directions||Increasing numbers of sending states are systematically offering social and
political membership to migrants residing outside their territories. The proliferation of these dual memberships contradicts conventional notions about immigrant incor- poration, their impact on sending countries, and the relationship between migration and development in both contexts. But how do ordinary individuals actually live their lives across borders? Is assimilation incompatible with transnational membership? How does economic and social development change when it takes place across borders? This article takes stock of what is known about everyday transnational practices and the institutional actors that facilitate or impede them and outlines questions for future research. In it, I define what I mean by transnational practices and describe the institutions that create and are created by these activities. I discuss the ways in which they distribute migrants’ resources and energies across borders, based primarily on studies of migration to the United States.
|From immigrant to transmigrant: Theorizing transnational migration||Contemporary immigrants can not be characterized as the" uprooted." Many are
transmigrants, becoming firmly rooted in their new country but maintaining multiple linkages to their homeland. In the United States anthropologists are engaged in building a ...
|Nembhard (2006) : Principles and strategies for reconstruction: Models of African American community-based cooperative economic development||Community-based, cooperatively owned enterprises are characterized by greater community input and participation in the planning, development, and governance of commercially viable, socially responsible businesses that generate jobs, income, and wealth-producing assets. African Americans have a strong but hidden history of cooperative ownership in the face of market failure and racial discrimination.
Cooperatives are democratically owned and governed businesses, whose members pool resources and share risk and profits. This research contributes information about viable strategies for economic renewal, particularly to rebuild New Orleans and the Gulf Coast in ways that retain and benefit long-term and low-income residents of color.
- Übereinkommen 87 - Vereinigungsfreiheit und Schutz des Vereinigungsrechtes, 1948
- Übereinkommen 98 - Vereinigungsrecht und Recht zu Kollektivverhandlungen, 1949
- Übereinkommen 29 - Zwangsarbeit, 1930
- Übereinkommen 105 - Abschaffung der Zwangsarbeit, 1957
- Übereinkommen 100 - Gleichheit des Entgelts, 1951
- Übereinkommen 111 - Diskriminierung (Beschäftigung und Beruf), 1958
- Übereinkommen 138 - Mindestalter, 1973
- Übereinkommen 182 - Verbot und unverzügliche Maßnahmen zur Beseitigung der schlimmsten Formen der Kinderarbeit, 1999
- United Nations Global Compact. The Global Compact asks companies to embrace universal principles and to partner with the United Nations. It has grown to become a critical platform for the UN to engage effectively with enlightened global business.
Lab Experiments in Labour Market Discrimination[Bearbeiten]
|Holm, Håkan: What’s in a Name? - An ethnical discrimination experiment||This paper presents the results from an ethnical discrimination experiment that was conducted in one of Sweden’s most “problematic” cities with respect to the integration process of refugees. The subjects confronted three different bargaining games; one trust game, one social exclusion and coalition formation game; and one battle of the sexes game. No general discrimination effect was detected. However, one specific effect was that Non-Swedes were less likely to be chosen as bargaining partners in the coalition formation game. Another specific effect was found in the males’ trust and ultimatum responses; Non-Swedes had higher returns on being generous compared to Swedes.|
|JG Altonji, CR Pierret: Employer learning and statistical discrimination||We provide a test for statistical discrimination or rational stereotyping in in environments in which agents learn over time. Our application is to the labor market.||517 citations|
|S Schwab: Is statistical discrimination efficient?||Neoclassical economists have advanced two general types of labor market discrimination
models: 1 taste discrimination models and statistical discrimination models.
|P Norman:Statistical discrimination and efficiency||This paper asks whether statistical discrimination is a market failure. I consider the problem
for a utilitarian social planner who operates in an environment that can generate statistical discrimination as an equilibrium phenomenon.
|KJ Arrow: What has economics to say about racial discrimination?|| Statistical Discrimination Modern economic theory for the last 30 years has emphasized how
information or, more properly, beliefs and expectations influence economic behavior. ... In the present con- text, this has given rise to the theory of statistical discrimination. ...
|DJ Aigner, GG Cain:Statistical theories of discrimination in labor markets||E CONOMIC discrimination has been diffi-cult to explain by means of standard neoclassical
economic models that assume pervasive competition. Why, after all, should two groups of workers who have the same productivity receive different remuneration?
Living Standard Measurements[Bearbeiten]
See Living Standards Measurement Study for further readings
- A Manual for Planning and Implementing the Living Standards Measurement Study Surveys. - this manual provides practical information on how to implement an LSMS-style survey from the planning stages through implementation in the field.
- Household Survey Clinics- are designed to assist in the design and implementation of household surveys in low income countries. The Clinics provide broad feedback on all phases of the household survey plans and identify areas for which the TTL needs assistance or follow-up on technical issues identified during the Clinic.
- Designing Household Survey Questionnaires for Developing Countries - this book covers key topics in the design of household surveys with many suggestions for customizing surveys to local circumstances and improving data quality
- Surveying Justice: A Practical Guide to Household Surveys - this guide aims to be a practical starting point for justice practitioners interested in survey design, as well as survey researchers interested in incorporating justice questions into their work. It provides guidance on designing a survey, suggested topics and questions, and ideas to facilitate a constructive engagement in discussions around justice in development practice.
- Energy Policies and Multitopic Household Surveys: Guidelines for Questionnaire Design in Living Standards Measurement Studies - this paper provides information on how questions can be added to multi-topic household surveys to yield more useful information for energy policy analysis.
- Are You Being Served? - this book provides tools for collecting data on service delivery.
- Questionnaires - developers of new surveys may find it useful to refer to sample questionnaires as well as to guidelines on how to develop questionnaires.
- Interviewer Manuals, Abstracts, Survey Documentation, etc. - in addition to the questionnaires, we can provide samples of the other types of documents necessary for implementing a successful survey.
- Other Tools - other materials on topics such as survey design, construction of aggregates, use of anthropometric data, assessment of income, etc.
- Sampling with Probability Proportional to Size - A Stata do program to select a sample using the Probability Proportional to Size (PPS) procedure.
Analyzing Survey Data[Bearbeiten]
- The Analysis of Household Surveys. This book is about the analysis of household survey data from developing countries and about how such data can be used to cast light on a range of policy issues. The book also provides Stata routines used to develop many of the illustrations in the book.
- World Bank Institute Learning Program. The goal of the Poverty Analysis Initiative is to promote increased use of information and analysis in the formulation, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of poverty reduction policies. This calls for increased quality and ownership of poverty analysis, efficient poverty monitoring systems, and capacity to evaluate the impact of interventions.
- Analyzing Health Equity Using Household Survey Data. This book provides rigorous analytic techniques for both measurement and analysis of inequalities in the health sector, with a view to stimulating health equity research that can support the design and evaluation of health policies and programs.
- PovcalNet is an interactive computational tool that allows you to replicate the calculations made by the World Bank's researchers in estimating the extent of absolute poverty in the world, including the $1 a day poverty measures. PovcalNet also allows you to calculate the poverty measures under different assumptions and to assemble the estimates using alternative country groupings or for any set of individual countries of you're choosing. PovcalNet is self-contained; it has reliable built-in software that quickly does the relevant calculations for you from the built-in database.
- Panel data sets. Researchers who have made panel data sets occasionally allow us to distribute the data sets on the understanding that the documentation that is provided on the LSMS web site is the only documentation that is available.
- Consumption and income aggregate programs. The programs used to calculate the income and expenditures aggregates for the South Africa LSMS and the Pakistan LSMS are provided here.
Household Survey Clinics[Bearbeiten]
- Burkina Faso (2003, Enquête Burkinabê sur les Conditions de Vie des Mênages
- Burundi (1998, Enquête Prioritaire)
- Cameroon (2001, Enquête Camerounaise auprês des Mênages II)
- Cote d'Ivoire (2002, Enquête Niveau de Vie des Mênages
- Djibouti (2004, Enquête Djiboutienne auprês des Mênages Indicateurs sociaux)
- Gabon (2005, Enquête Gabonaise pour l'Evaluation et le Suivi de la Pauvre
- Malawi (2004, Second Integrated Household Survey)
- Nigeria (2003, QUIBB+)
- Rwanda (2000, Enquête Intêgrale sur les Conditions de Vie)
- Sierra Leone (2003, Sierra Leone Integrated Household Survey)
- South Africa (2000, Income and Expenditure Survey)
- Uganda (2002/3, National Household Survey) AsiaBangladesh (2000, Household Budget Survey)
- Cambodia (2003/4, Socioeconomic Survey)
- India (2004, National Sample Survey 60th Round)
- Indonesia (2002, National Socioeconomic Survey (SUSENAS))
- Nepal (2003, Nepal Living Standards Survey II)
- Pakistan (2001, Pakistan Integrated Survey)
- Sri Lanka (2002, Sri Lanka Integrated Survey)
- Thailand (2002, Socioeconomic Survey)
- Belarus (PDF, 1 page, 62 Kb) (2002, Income and Expenditure Survey)
- FYR Macedonia (PDF, 1 page, 65 Kb) (2003, Household Budget Survey)
- Kazakhstan (PDF, 1 page, 64 Kb) (2003, Household Budget Survey)
- Russia (PDF, 1 page, 65 Kb) (2003, NOBUS)
- Ukraine (PDF, 1 page, 65 Kb) (2003, Household Budget Survey)
- Uzbekistan (PDF, 1 page, 61 Kb) (2003, Living Standards Measurement Study Survey)
- Tajikistan (PDF, 1 page, 63 Kb) (2003, Living Standards Measurement Study Survey)
Latin America and the Caribbean[Bearbeiten]
- Bolivia (PDF, 1 page, 62 Kb) (2002, Encuesta de Hogares (MECOVI Programa))
- Brazil (PDF, 1 page, 62 Kb) (2002, Pesquisa de Orçamentos Familiares)
- Colombia (PDF, 1 page, 63 Kb) (2003, Encuesta de Calidad de Vida))
- Guatemala (PDF, 1 page, 63 Kb) (2000, Encuesta Nacional sobre Condiciones de Vida)
- Honduras (PDF, 1 page, 63 Kb) (2004, Encuesta Nacional de Condiciones de Vida)
- Jamaica (PDF, 1 page, 64 Kb) (2002, Jamaica Survey of Living Conditions)
- Mexico (PDF, 1 page, 65 Kb) (2004, Encuesta Nacional de Ingresos y Gastos de los Hogares)
- Paraguay (PDF, 1 page, 65 Kb) (2000/1, Encuesta Integrada de Hogares)
- Peru (PDF, 1 page, 64 Kb) (2003, Encuesta Nacional de Hogares - Condiciones de Vida y Pobreza)
|1||Improving the measurement and policy relevance of migration information in multi-topic household surveys||This paper discusses how LSMS surveys can be adapted in order to study a range of issues surrounding migration. To date, the LSMS has been under-utilized as a tool to study migration; only a handful of previous LSMS surveys have included detailed migration modules regarding current household members or previous household members who have out-migrated. There are several reasons that migration may have been overlooked in previous surveys. First, migration has only recently increased in prominence, and as a result, it may not have previously seemed to be a high-priority topic for inclusion in a questionnaire. Second, migration is a rare event from a statistical perspective, and the relatively small sample size of most LSMS surveys often makes them unsuitable for the study of migration. Third, as migration is not a random event, there are methodological issues with identifying causal relationships between welfare and migration that may need to be addressed by making additional changes to questionnaire content. However, even if causal relationships cannot be identified, multi-topic household surveys can be used to further the understanding of correlations between migration and policy-relevant variables not well-understood or established prior to the survey. Take a look at the Migration Sample Module||2||Measuring Migration using Household Surveys,||Migration Operational Vehicle, Note No. 2|
|3||Encuesta Nacional a Hogares Rurales de México (ENHRUM)||
La Encuesta Nacional a Hogares Rurales de México (ENHRUM) es un proyecto del PRECESAM del Centro de Estudios Económicos de El Colegio de México y del Rural Economies of the Americas and Pacific Rim (REAP) de la Universidad de California en Davis. La ENHRUM ha sido financiada por el CONACYT, la Fundación Ford, la Fundación William and Flora Hewlett y UC-Mexus.
El objetivo de la ENHRUM es obtener por vez primera información representativa en el plano nacional sobre la economía y sociedad rurales de México y, con ella, elaborar estudios empíricos sobre los efectos de las reformas agropecuarias y comerciales en la producción, ingreso y migración de los hogares y del sector rural.
El diseño muestral de la encuesta fue realizado por el el Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática (INEGI). La cobertura geográfica de la ENHRUM es a nivel nacional en poblaciones rurales de 500 a 2499 habitantes. La encuesta se levantó en 80 localidades rurales de 14 estados de la República, a partir de una división del país en 5 regiones.
Right to Self-Determination[Bearbeiten]
- C Bell, K Cavanaugh (1998): Constructive Ambiguity or Internal Self-Determination-Self-Determination, Group Accommodation, and the Belfast Agreement, In: Fordham International Law Journal, Volume 22, Issue 4, Article 12
- Buchanan, Allen (1997): Theories Of Secession
- De-Shalit, Avner (1996): National Self‐determination: Political, not Cultural, In: Political Studies (1996), XLIV, 906-920