Effects of the Generic Masculine or its Alternatives? A Multi-lab Replication and Extension of Stahlberg, Sczesny, and Braun, 2001[Bearbeiten]
In languages such as German, French, or Hindi, plural forms of job occupations and societal roles are often in a generic-masculine form instead of a gender-neutral form. Although meant as “generic”, this generic-masculine form excludes women from everyday language and might even entail the cognitive effect that listeners and readers will less likely think of women. Several studies have demonstrated this and related cognitive effects in the past. Due to the societal relevance of gender-neutral language, I and my collaborators propose a direct replication and extension of a classic study by Stahlberg, Sczesny, and Braun (2001, Experiment 2) in a multi-lab setting. In this study, German speaking participants were asked to name celebrities from several domains, such as politics, music and sports. When they were asked in a gender-neutral form (e.g., “Bitte nennen Sie Politikerinnen und Politiker”; English: “Please name male and female politicians”), participants came up with more women than when the generic-masculine form was used (“Bitte nennen Sie Politiker”; English: “Please name politicians”). However, the original study did not control for potentially relevant control variables and moderators, such as the participants’ political orientation. Hence, to achieve sufficient statistical power, the proposed multi-lab study will be conducted among 12 labs, collecting data from at least N = 2,000 participants.
- Name: Hilmar Brohmer
- Institution: University of Graz
- Kontakt: hilmar.brohmer <AT> uni-graz.at
Data Management Plan[Bearbeiten]
A Data Management Plan will be provided on the project page of the Open Science Framework