Encouraging and facilitating open, reusable materials for cognitive and behavioral science[Bearbeiten]
Background / Motivation[Bearbeiten]
The internet, as the fastest-spreading medium in the history of humanity, provides vast opportunities for cognitive and behavioral science. Thanks to the access to larger, more diverse samples, it promises more flexible and economical research and more robust findings (Reips, 2007; Woods, Velasco, Levitan, Wan, & Spence, 2015). Because the browser is now a ubiquitous communication tool, data collection can take place in a multitude of settings, ranging from mobile devices in the field to the comfort of participants' sofas, as well as the more controlled context of established laboratories.
In addition, the ease with which data can be shared over the web holds the potential to transform science, by enabling the free exchange of materials and data, and the transparent documentation of studies (e.g. Nelson, Simmons, & Simonsohn, 2018).
However, the potential of online research has not been fully realized -- while it is now more common to share research data and analyses, study materials are rarely made available openly in a reusable form. Most often, studies are built in commercial, proprietary tools, and cannot be shared with, nor inspected by, other researchers, and are not amenable to extension or replication. This leads to the duplication of effort and hampers cumulative research.
My project aims to extend open documentation of research by establishing open standards for study documentation, archival, and re-use, and educating scientists about the potential and practice of sharing their study materials. By providing an open-source database of common research paradigms, I hope to kick-start a more widespread change in scientific practice; through a series of workshops and online material, fellow scientists will gain the knowledge necessary to make available their own study materials, thereby contributing to a more open, efficient, cumulative science.
My previous work has focused on providing open tools for data collection and analysis in the social sciences. This software makes it easier for individual scientists to conduct their research in isolation. During the fellowship, I would like to build on this knowledge, and make it easier for colleagues to contribute their materials back to the scientific commons, where others can inspect, replicate and extend their work.
- A repository of common and classical paradigms that provides a starting point for researchers looking to build upon classical work, for students to inspect and learn from the examples, and for the public to familiarize themselves with psychological and cognitive research.
- An online knowledge base that provides a step-by-step guide to archiving materials, and ensures that these are reusable to the greatest possible extent
- A one-day workshop based on open materials, designed to introduce researchers to the potential of open-source software for data collection, and that provides hands-on experience in building reusable study materials.
Please also visit the author's blog for very occasional updates.
Felix is a cognitive psychologist by training, and a research software engineer by calling. He believes in the power of scientific tools to encourage and facilitate open practices, by making them not only possible, but easy. He maintains a number of open tools for data collection and analysis in the cognitive and social sciences, and the site how-to-open.science, a knowledge base for resources and practical tips around Open Science.
- Name: Felix Henninger
- Affiliation: Universität Mannheim / Universität Koblenz-Landau
- Contakt: firstname.lastname@example.org
- Elsewhere: Twitter, Github, ORCID